Elettaria cardamomum, commonly known as Elaichi , is a herbaceous, perennial plant in the ginger family, native to southern India. It is the most common of the species whose seeds are used as a spice called cardamom. It has rigid and erect aromatic leaves, which forms the aerial part of the plant’s stems. These stems are between 2 to 4 meters high and form a canopy of leaves around the plant. Tiny cardamom flowers are beautiful and are usually white with yellow or red strips over them. Cardamom fruits are called capsules. Inside the fruits, there are seeds of the plant, which are used as a spice.